Research at the Faculties
At the departments and two faculty scientific centres, we produce scientific results that are fully comparable with those achieved in foreign countries; we even achieve excellence in some of them. As a whole, we create a dynamic, perspective and continually evolving team. Our results are regularly published in top international journals and presented in world congresses. The research we do opens its door to our doctoral students who participate in leading foreign conferences and play an important role in publishing activities and application of the results in practice. Our scientific and research activities cover the domains of biology, physics, chemistry, mathematics and physical and social geographies. Within biological and ecological disciplines, we are dealing with a wide range of topics related to the diversity of animated and unanimated nature, particularly evolution, ecology, physiology and genetical variety of single-celled organisms, plants, and invertebrates and vertebrates including man. To study these, we make use of modern molecular methods. We also study the effects of industrial technologies on these organisms, testing their potential in the degradation of pollutants in the environment. Within chemistry, we study adsorption potentials of carbonaceous absorbents or nanostructural carbonaceous materials. The scientific workers of the Faculty of Physics focus on biophysical and biochemical principles of photosynthesis, especially the impact of various types of radiation and other factors on photosynthetic apparatus of higher plants. In chemical physical area, they concentrate on computer modeling of interactions between atoms and molecules.
A majority of these activities takes places within interdisciplinary faculty scientific centres, namely Life Science Research Centre (LSRC) and The Institute of Environmental Technologies (IET).
In the sphere of unanimated nature, the Department of Physical Geography and Geoecology studies the effect of slope deformations on the landscape and long-term evolution of landforms and mountains. Further, catastrophic geomorphologic processes are predicted, i.e. the issues that represent the world trend in the primary research of geological sciences, while having an important application significance in the prediction and elimination of negative impact of natural extremes on the society.
Current issues of contemporary society are dealt with by the workers of the research centres of the Department of Human Geography and Regional Development – the Centre of Political and Cultural Geography and the Centre of Urban and Regional Management. These specialize in the political structures and processes in the post-Soviet space and the issues of the restructuralization and modernization of old industrial regions.
An interesting research category solved by our mathematicians and computer scientists is the so-called fuzzy modeling. Fuzzy modeling makes it possible to solve new tasks and create models that are closer to reality than those created by classic mathematical methods. In the scope of classic mathematics, our specialists study the issues of global analysis, the theories of numbers, differential equations and optimization.
Forming a significant cooperating team, our computer science workers study evolutionary and genetic algorithms, neural networks and other artificial intelligence methods.