Research at the Department of Physics is divided into three main areas:
Biophysics, Biochemistry and Ecophysiology of Photosynthesis
The research deals with the effect of important environmental factors (intensity and spectral composition of radiation, CO2 concentration, other climate change factors) on the assimilation apparatus of higher plants, starting from the regulation mechanisms of the use of radiation to the response of photosynthetic activity on the level of leaf, plant and growth: I, Variability of the composition and structural and functional properties of thylakoid membranes in relation to the resistance towards oxidative stress; II, Influence of the radiation intensity and spectral composition on the assimilation apparatus of plants and the physiological role of phenolic compounds. Experimental background of the research is based on the use and development of a) biophysical methods of optical spectrometry for the study of the structure and functional state of the assimilation apparatus and b) biochemical methods for the analysis of assimilation apparatus components (photosynthetic pigments, secondary metabolites, pigmet-protein complexes of thylakoid membranes and others).
Contact person: doc. RNDr. Vladimír Špunda, CSc.
The Chemical Physics group of the Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava is interested in electronic structure theory, computational modeling of atomic-scale molecular complexes and nanomaterials. Besides the application of traditional methods (quantum chemistry, density functional theory), an important research direction is development and applications of alternative methods like, e.g., stochastic electronic structure methods (quantum Monte Carlo) and their use for accurate description of electronic structure or quantum motion of nuclei. The applications include molecules, clusters, solids, surfaces and nanomaterials, prediction of structural, electronic, optical and adsorption properties and interaction strength. To date, many demanding systems were studied successfully, including transition metals, their oxides, non-covalent interactions and physisorption, nuclear delocalisation effects of strongly quantum systems and excitonic effects in nanostructures.
Contact person: Mgr. František Karlický, Ph.D.
Didactics of physics
The Didactics of Physics group of the Faculty of Science, University of Ostrava deals with the research of teaching physics for Lower and Upper Secondary Schools. Priority research areas are:
Digital technologies focusing on computer-supported experiments (doc. RNDr. Libor Koníček, Ph.D.)
Scientific research oriented at the issues of talented and particularly highly talented individuals in our society (STEAM - Science, Technology, Engineering, Art and Mathematics)
Educational strategies of talented and particularly talented pupils
Preparation of future teachers for working with talented pupils in a form of regular training within the Bachelor and Master degree programmes (Working with the Talented in Natural Sciences and Mathematics) (doc. PaedDr. Jana Škrabánková, Ph.D.)
Climate changes from the physical point of view for primary and secondary school pupils (RNDr. Libuše Švecová, Ph.D.)
Optics and photometry at primary and secondary schools (Mgr. Lenka Hönigová, Ph.D.)
Contact person: doc. RNDr. Libor Koníček, Ph.D.
We cooperate closely on solving scientific projects with many leading workplaces of Czech universities and institutes of the Academy of Science of the Czech Republic. Important contribution for the science and research carried out at the department is active international cooperation. In the scope of Biophysics, Biochemistry and Ecophysiology of Photosynthesis, we cooperate mainly with the Laboratory of Photosynthetic Membranes, Institute of Plant Biology, Biological Research Centre of the Hungarian Academy of Science, Szeged (Hungary), and the researchers of the Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinky (Finland). The members of Chemical Physics group maintain a longstanding publishing cooperation with, for example, the colleagues from Université Paul Sabatier & CNRS, Toulouse (France) and North Carolina State University (USA). This cooperation is beneficial mainly for the Ph.D. students and talented postgraduate students who can then undertake training courses in prestigious foreign workplaces.